gibson:teaching:spring-2018:math445:lab3

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gibson:teaching:spring-2018:math445:lab3 [2018/02/05 17:27] gibson |
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The first column is the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moment_magnitude_scale | moment magnitude]] //M//, and the second column is the number of earthquakes //N// of that magnitude that occur, on average, in a year. The last two entries are estimates, since it's impossible to detect every small earthquake around the world. The data are obtained from [[http://www.earthquake.ethz.ch/education/NDK/NDK|Earthquake Statistics and Earthquake Prediction Research]] by Stefan Wiemer, Institute of Geophysics, Zurich. | The first column is the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moment_magnitude_scale | moment magnitude]] //M//, and the second column is the number of earthquakes //N// of that magnitude that occur, on average, in a year. The last two entries are estimates, since it's impossible to detect every small earthquake around the world. The data are obtained from [[http://www.earthquake.ethz.ch/education/NDK/NDK|Earthquake Statistics and Earthquake Prediction Research]] by Stefan Wiemer, Institute of Geophysics, Zurich. | ||

- | Using Matlab plotting commands, deduce the form of the functional relationship //N(M)//. Estimate the constants in the relationship by estimating the slope and the //y//-intercept, and then fine-tuning by matching the plot of your estimate against the plot of the data. | + | Using Matlab plotting commands, deduce the form of the functional relationship //N(M)//. Estimate the constants in the relationship by estimating the slope and the //y//-intercept, and then fine-tuning by matching the plot of your estimate against the plot of the data. Your final answer should be an explicit formula for //N(M)//. |

**Problem 6: The distribution of earthquake magnitudes, by energy.** The moment magnitude scale is logarithmic, in that an earthquake of magnitude //M+1// releases about 32 times more energy than an earthquake of magnitude //M//. The following dataset gives the number //N// of earthquakes in a given | **Problem 6: The distribution of earthquake magnitudes, by energy.** The moment magnitude scale is logarithmic, in that an earthquake of magnitude //M+1// releases about 32 times more energy than an earthquake of magnitude //M//. The following dataset gives the number //N// of earthquakes in a given | ||

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Deduce the form of the functional relation //E(N)// using Matlab plotting, then estimate | Deduce the form of the functional relation //E(N)// using Matlab plotting, then estimate | ||

- | and fine-tune the constants in the relation, just as in problem 1. | + | and fine-tune the constants in the relation, and provide an explicit formula for //E(N)//. |

**Problem 7: World population.** The following data set provides the human population //P// of the earth at a given time //t//, measured in years A.D. | **Problem 7: World population.** The following data set provides the human population //P// of the earth at a given time //t//, measured in years A.D. |

gibson/teaching/spring-2018/math445/lab3.txt ยท Last modified: 2018/02/05 17:30 by gibson