A Julia notebook has three types of cells
Our first concern is working with the live Julia code cells. I'll illustrate on the “Numbers, variables, and basic functions” notebook from the Hands-on Julia tutorial. You should start that notebook and follow along (see julia-notebooks).
1. Click on the line
In [ ]: typeof(10). The line will be highlighted with a green box, and you should see a blinking cursor after
2. Hold down the shift key while pressing “enter” (we'll call this “shift-enter”). This will make the Julia computational engine execute the line of Julia code and print its return value. You should now see the following. Note that Julia has told us that the value 10 has type Int64, i.e. 64-bit integer.
3. Try clicking on the
typeof(10) line again, modifying it to read
typeof(10.0), and hitting shift-enter. You will see that the type of 10.0 is Float64, i.e. a 64-bit floating-point number.
The notebook has asked you to try a few calculations even before the
typeof(10) statement. To do this, click on the section of text starting
 Type different types of integers … and then either select Insert → Insert Cell Below from the menu, or use the quicker keyboard shortcut “control-m b” (or “ctrl-m b”). That is, hold the control key, type “m”, and then let go of control and type “b”. This will insert an empty Julia-code cell, which you can type Julia commands into and execute with shift-enter. After entering the suggested
3/4 and hitting shift-enter, you'll see
When you want to execute a bunch of commands, it can get tedious to keep opening new cells. The “alt-enter” shortcut executes the current cell then immediately starts a new cell below. I've used “alt-enter” to compute a few powers of 10 as the notebook suggests.
All actions in the notebook can be performed with the mouse, but keyboard shortcuts are also available for the most common ones. The essential shortcuts to remember are the following:
Shift-Enter: run cell. Execute the current cell, show output (if any), and jump to the next cell below. If Shift-Enter is invoked on the last cell, a new code cell will also be created. Note that in the notebook, typing Enter on its own never forces execution, but rather just inserts a new line in the current cell. Shift-Enter is equivalent to clicking the Cell | Run menu item.
Ctrl-Enter: run cell in-place. Execute the current cell as if it were in “terminal mode”, where any output is shown, but the cursor remains in the current cell. The cell’s entire contents are selected after execution, so you can just start typing and only the new input will be in the cell. This is convenient for doing quick experiments in place, or for querying things like filesystem content, without needing to create additional cells that you may not want to be saved in the notebook.
Alt-Enter: run cell, insert below. Executes the current cell, shows the output, and inserts a new cell between the current cell and the cell below (if one exists). This is thus a shortcut for the sequence Shift-Enter, Ctrl-m a. (Ctrl-m a adds a new cell above the current one.)
Ctrl-m: This is the prefix for all other shortcuts, which consist of Ctrl-m followed by a single letter or character. For example, if you type Ctrl-m h (that is, the sole letter h after Ctrl-m), IPython will show you all the available keyboard shortcuts.
Here is the complete set of keyboard shortcuts available:
|Ctrl-Enter||run cell in-place|
|Alt-Enter||run cell, insert below|
|Ctrl-m x||cut cell|
|Ctrl-m c||copy cell|
|Ctrl-m v||paste cell|
|Ctrl-m d||delete cell|
|Ctrl-m z||undo last cell deletion|
|Ctrl-m -||split cell|
|Ctrl-m a||insert cell above|
|Ctrl-m b||insert cell below|
|Ctrl-m o||toggle output|
|Ctrl-m O||toggle output scroll|
|Ctrl-m l||toggle line numbers|
|Ctrl-m s||save notebook|
|Ctrl-m j||move cell down|
|Ctrl-m k||move cell up|
|Ctrl-m y||code cell|
|Ctrl-m m||markdown cell|
|Ctrl-m t||raw cell|
|Ctrl-m 1-6||heading 1-6 cell|
|Ctrl-m p||select previous|
|Ctrl-m .||restart kernel|
|Ctrl-m h||show keyboard shortcuts|
For more about controlling your Julia notebook, see the iPython notebook documentation, from where this summary of shortcuts was copied.